Top 5 Winter Sports

Winter is not synonymous with staying at home without enjoying great panoramas. Meet these entertaining sports that are ideal for when the cold days arrive. The best places to perform them are of course areas of the world where the cold seasons involve long months of snow.

Top Five Winter Sports


Snowboarding is an extreme sport in which a special board is utilized to slide across a snow covered ground. It became a Winter Olympic sport in 1998, but its history goes back to 1965 when the engineer Sherman Poppen built the first snowboard for his daughter. It was a wooden board without grips and feet, with a rope in the front to help balance the body. Snowboarding can be practiced in various ways such freestyle. This kind of way focuses in conducting pirouettes.

Ice Hockey

Ice hockey is played between two teams of six players each and is characterized by its great strength, speed and aggressiveness. It’s super popular in cold countries that may have natural ice rinks, but recently there was a boom on creating artificial indoor tracks. It is one of four major American sports and is represented by the National Hockey League (NHL) and the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF), globally. Ice hockey became an Olympic sport in 1920. In 1924, it became part of the Winter Olympics. The idea of ​​the game is that each skater directs a rubber disk with a long stick to try to score in the opponent’s side. At the end of a game, the team that scores the most goals wins.


Skiing is practiced in the mountains. It consists of sliding through the snow on two platforms that are attached to the sole of the boots of the skier. It is a sport that can currently be practiced all year round thanks to places with perfectly entitled glaciers. In ski racing the winner is defined by the time taken to descend. That is, the individual with the less time wins.


The sled races have existed for centuries. It’s patented as a sport. Only a small group of countries are elite of this sport: Germany, Austria, Italy and Russia.

Heli skiing

The heli skiing sport is still a controversial and little known sport where skiers are directed by a helicopter to inaccessible areas in the high mountains. There are people who want to ban this sport, either because of its high risk or because they believe that some regions deserve to be protected from human intervention.

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6 Week Program To Prepare Your Body For Ski Season

When ski season approaches, and you haven’t been working out during the off season, it can cause problems. If you have not conditioned yourself regularly, you are at risk of injury. Even if it is not a serious injury, sore or pulled muscles can have you sitting out the day while your friends are on the slopes. If you are a regular skier, you can start a 6 week fitness plan which includes exercise and diet. This fitness plan can greatly improve your health and will keep you safe on the slopes.


This program is a 7 day program, and it should be repeated every week for 6 weeks. By the time the 6 weeks are over, the workout should feel much less strenuous than when you began the program. This means that you are ready to hit the slopes.

Day 1

This is the day that you will work your legs. You will do 5 different exercises. Get your body ready by doing a 10 minute cardio warm-up. You can use a treadmill, elliptical, run, or ride a bike. Anything that will get your blood pumping.

Wall sits: Begin by standing about 2 feet in front of the wall and lean against it. Slide down slowly and bend your knees, keeping your abdominal muscles contracted, and come up slowly. Do 4 reps of 1 minute wall sits.

Lunges: Do 4 reps of 25 lunges per leg.

Squats: Do 4 reps of 15 squats each.

Single leg lateral leap: Stand on one leg with your knee slightly bent and your other leg off the ground. Jump in the air and land on your other foot. Repeat this. Do 4 reps of 16.

Sumo Squats: While holding a medicine ball, stand with your feet apart slightly further than your hip. Squat down as low and you can and come back up. The medicine ball will make the exercise more intense. Do 4 reps of 15 sumo squats.

Day 2

This is a cardio day. You should do 30 to 60 minutes of any of the following exercises.

  • Treadmill
  • Elliptical
  • Spinning
  • Biking
  • Running
  • Swimming
  • Jump rope

Day 3

Day 3 is the upper body and core day. Start with a 10 minute cardio exercise to warm up.

Pushups: Do 4 reps of 15 pushups.

Side Plank: Lie down on your left side with your knees straight. Using your left arm, prop your body up. Raise your hips until your body is in a straight line, and hold for 30 seconds. Switch sides and do the same for 30 seconds.

Seated Russian Twists: Sit on the floor with your knees bent. Holding a weight straight out, rotate your torso as far as you can, left and then right. Do 2 reps of 10 twists on each side.

V Sit-ups: Lay flat on the floor with your arms extended above your head. Lift your body using your torso until you are sitting almost straight up. Hold for 10 seconds and go back to the starting position. Do 4 reps of 20.

Day 4

Day 4 is a cardio day. Do any of the suggested cardio exercises for 30 to 60 minutes.

Day 5

Day 5 is a combination of core and legs. You should do the following exercises with 10 minute cardio warm up.

Squats: 4 reps of 15

Sumo squats: 4 reps of 15

Reverse crunches: Lie flat on your back with your knees slightly bent. Raise your upper body off of the floor slightly. Using your torso, bring your knees up to your elbows and hold for 5 seconds. Do 4 reps of 20.

Day 6

This is another cardio day. Do one of the above mentioned cardio workouts for 30 to 60 minutes.

Day 7

After a vigorous 6 day workout program, it is important to take one day to rest. It is best for your mind and your body.


Unless you are overweight, you do not need to make many changes in your diet. As long as you are eating well balanced meals and eat reasonable portions, your diet does not need to change. It is a good idea, however, to cut back on sweets and fatty, fried foods.

After sticking to a reasonable diet and going through this six week exercise program, you should be ready to join your friends on the slopes.

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Performance Enhancing Drugs And Olympic Sports

A great deal of the media’s pre-games coverage tends to focus upon performance enhancing drugs and the risk they pose to delivering a set of genuine medal winners. As long as there have been competitive sports, athletes have tried to gain an advantage – no matter how small – given that the competitiveness and margins between competitors is often very slim.

Each event seems to have its own performance enhancing ‘bogeyman’ – think EPO in cycling and anabolic steroids in athletics and power-based events. But what’s the reality – and alternatives – of using these drugs? Let’s take a look at the most recent Olympics, the 2014 Sochi Winter Games for a closer look and see if we can expose a myth or two.

It’s worthwhile making it clear that the Winter Games (despite the fortune it cost to develop Sochi) is much smaller than the summer games and includes many, many fewer athletes. Also the events tend not to have the culture of doping that is much more prevalent in the more accessible sports represented in its sister games. Consequently we can expect fewer athletes to test positive, before, during and after they have competed.

Sochi was touted by the Olympic Commission as having the toughest and most rigorous anti-doping set up in the history of sports. Athletes were not just tested at any stage of the games, but often up to five times, and also in the months following and they could be tested without warning, literally anywhere on earth. As if that wasn’t enough, all samples are being kept for eight years for retrospective analysis as new detection techniques become developed.

So you’d think that would warn the athletes off. Nope, but only eight have immediately been identified as ‘drugs cheats’ – a tiny number of the 2873 competitors. Indeed the London games two years ago returned quite similar ratio (despite having nearly four times as many athletes), and the athletes detected were as expected in the ‘power’ category of events. Endurance skiing, Ice Hockey and Bobsleigh performed poorly but most events in Sochi turned out clear.

This leads to the conclusion that either athletes are getting better at masking their use; or simply becoming better at their events – after all those records keep getting beaten.

Athletes have simply become better at using natural testosterone products and boosters such as pro testosterone that can mimic the role of performance enhancing stimulants but are totally safe and legal. After all, many of the benefits of these drugs can be derived from other sources. Diet is one way, and with professional athletes being under strict fitness and nutritional plans this could play a very important part. The same goes for some high protein muscle building programs and supplements, psychological conditioning, and no doubt a number of hybrid drugs that simply aren’t yet listed on the doping checklist.

What athletes don’t realize is that by taking some of these performance drugs can lead to issues later in life such as infertility and there might be a need to use products such as FertilAid for Women or other infertility vitamins and treatments in order to get pregnant. For guys, the same can happen and decreases sperm production can result and once again later in life issues may arise that need attention and treatment.


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Stress of Being a Winter Olympic Athlete


The brain can be the best ally or the worst enemy of any high performance athlete who competes in the Olympics. Winter Olympic athletes, in particular, have been noted for going through a bit more stress than those athletes who compete in the Summer Olympics, due to the climate and clothing choice, which sometimes can be a bit uncomfortable to perform in, on top of the butterflies that they often feel in their stomachs, as they are finally going to try their luck at winning one of the three gold medals that are available: gold, silver and bronze.

The Mental Aspect

It’s not a secret that the Winter Olympics represent a unique physical challenge for athletes, but the mental aspect also has to be considered. According to studies, a bit of stress can help them improve their performance, but if it is excessive, they can become paralyzed and conduct many mistakes or even worse, it may cause them to get injured. If you have tuned in to watch the Winter Olympics in the past, you then have witnessed the many injuries that have taken place while athletes performed even though they rehearsed the same performance over and over again.

The Function of the Body Right before Competing

When the body is stressed out, it responds with the production of adrenaline which increases heart rate and muscle irrigation. While the athletes put into practice their skills to achieve success, the brain develops important internal processes and increases the flow of neurotransmitters responsible for transmitting information from one neuron to another, which allows them to be more alert.

More Things Are at Play in the Winter Olympics

But since Winter Olympic athletes have spent years training for this big moment, their emotions sometimes get the best of them. This means things can go down the hill for them. Of course, this goes for those athletes who participate in the Summer Olympics, as well, but when it comes to the Winter Olympics more things are at play.

For starters, when athletes get stressed, they tend to sweat. In the Winter Olympics, all athletes have to wear very protective clothing which might get uncomfortable when sweating is involved, augmenting the stress in an athlete.

Issues May Arise in Some Athletes after Competition

Even after the competition is finished, for those athletes suffering from stress, there’s still the danger of hypersecretion of adrenaline. This can cause a heart attack or stroke to take place due to the increased blood pressure.


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